1. The most effective way to get rid of pigeons is by way of a physical barrier such as bird netting or bird spikes
2. Install bird netting to block pigeons access to nesting or roosting areas such as roofs, air conditioning units, under solar panels, beams or sprinkler systems in warehouses, factories, carparks, etc.
3. Install bird spikes to ledges, pipes, light fittings, etc to prevent pigeons from landing and roosting in these areas.
4. Trapping may be possible using a specially designed pigeon trap.
5. Other deterrent systems are also possible such as bird shock tape, bird post & wire system, ultrasonic deterrents, scare eye balloons, hawk bird scarers, etc.
Pigeons are considered to be the number one bird pest all around the world. Commonly known or referred to as the ‘flying rat’.
Pigeons have adapted to living in and around buildings occupied by humans. They survive largely by scavenging for food, water and shelter.
FEEDING HABITS & LIFE CYCLE
Both male and female pigeons look nearly identical although the male is slightly larger and with more iridescence on their neck. Juveniles are very similar in appearance to adults but duller and with less iridescence.
Pigeons are monogamous and typically mate for life. Female pigeons can reach sexual maturity as early as 7months of age. Around 8 to 12 days after mating the female lay 1-3 white eggs which hatch after 18 days. The young are fed pigeon milk which is regurgitated food from both males and females. Chicks fledge (leave the nest) around 25-32 days (45 days in midwinter)
The male provides the nesting material and guards the female and her nest. Breeding may occur all year around but peak reproduction occurs in the Spring and Winter.
Pigeons feed in flocks and will consume seeds and fruits, although they can survive just fine on scraps off the street.. Pigeons require about 30mL of water and 30g of dry matter per day.
In captivity pigeons commonly live for up to 15 years and sometimes longer, however in urban areas they only live for 3 – 4 years due to other predators such as cats, dogs and other birds also stress due to lack of food and water can reduce the population
Pigeons like to roost on building ledges causing major health risks from their droppings. Pigeon droppings deface and accelerate the deterioration of buildings and increase the cost of maintenance. Pigeon manure deposited on park benches, statues, cars and unwary humans is an aesthetic problem. Around grain handling facilities pigeons consume and can contaminate large quantities of food destined for human and livestock consumption. Pigeons can carry and spread diseases to people and livestock through their droppings, and sometimes under the right conditions may harbour airborne spores that can infect humans.
To prevent or get rid of pigeons, homeowners need to make roosting and nesting areas less attractive. Fill in access to voids, slope resting areas and prevent landing by using bird spikes and or netting. Keep all food and standing water out of reach, as pigeons will flock to where there is food and water. If they cannot find food in an area they will look for it elsewhere.